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Kitchen Work Triangles

 

The concept for the kitchen work triangle was developed by the Small Homes Council of the School of Architecture at the University of Illinois in the 1950’s. An invisible “work triangle” is created in the kitchen by the arrangement of the sink, stove and refrigerator. The kitchen work triangle in a kitchen is the triangular shape between the refrigerator, sink and cook top/stove. The length of the kitchen work triangle can be used to optimize placement of the three main work sites (sink, refrigerator and stove/cook top) in the kitchen.

 

 

The purposes of kitchen work triangle are to place the three most common work sites in our kitchen to the most efficient distance apart and to minimize traffic through the work zone.

Kitchen Work Triangle - The concept for the kitchen work triangle was developed by the Small Homes Council of the School of Architecture at the University of Illinois in the 1950’s. An invisible “work triangle” is created in the kitchen by the arrangement of the sink, stove and refrigerator.
Kitchen Work Triangle

 

In the traditional kitchen the three main work sites are: 1. Refrigerator – the cold storage work site, 2. Sink – the cleaning/preparation work site, 3. Stove / Cooktop – the cooking work site.

 

 

The NKBA (National Kitchen & Bath Association) of USA suggests these guidelines for kitchen work triangles:

1. The sum of the kitchen work triangle’s three sides should not exceed 26 feet, and each leg should measure between 4 and 9 feet.
2. The kitchen work triangle should not cut through an island or peninsula by more than 12 inches.
3. If the kitchen has only one sink, it should be placed between or across from the cooking surface, preparation area, or refrigerator.
 4. No major traffic patterns should cross through the kitchen work triangle.

 

kitchen work triange with g-shape kitchen design layout. The kitchen work triangle in a kitchen is the triangular shape between the refrigerator; sink and cook top/stove.Efficiency of a kitchen is the kitchen work triangle’s main goal; as it keeps all the major work stations near the cook; without placing them as close that the kitchen becomes cramped.
Kitchen Work Triangle with G-Shape Kitchen Layout

 

Efficiency of a kitchen is the kitchen work triangle’s main goal, as it keeps all the major work stations near the cook, without placing them as close that the kitchen becomes cramped. The kitchen work triangle is also designed to minimize traffic within the kitchen so the cook isn’t interrupted or interfered with. Kitchen work triangle represents the three points of the kitchen work station. If you place these work station too far away from each other you waste a lot of steps while preparing a meal. If they are too close to each other you have a cramped kitchen without any place to work.

There is some debate among professional kitchen designer concerning the traditional concept of kitchen work triangle. Although most of the professional kitchen designers agree kitchen work triangle is still an important element in kitchen design, may see the triangular space evolving as work movement, cooking habits and lifestyles change. Majority kitchen designers feel that the more actual living done in the kitchen, the more expanded the basic kitchen work triangle will have to become and kitchen grow larger, which appears to be the trend they will embrace an increasing number of activities. Kitchens have become more modern and multifunctional, the kitchen work triangle has had to adapt. This will result in the need for several autonomous triangles within the room. We maybe need to plan a kitchen design for two or more cook, include an island with extra sink and cook top and create multiple kitchen work triangles in kitchen design.